During a visit to Kolkata in 2013, the UK Prime Minister, the Rt. Hon. David Cameron signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the KMC to work together towards developing Kolkata as a low carbon and climate resilient city of the future. The UK agency tasked to administer this MoU and oversee the work to be undertaken was the UK government’s international development ministry, the Department for International Development (DfID).

The MoU was formalised in February 2014, when the Honourable Mayor of Kolkata, Mr Sovan Chatterjee and Rt. Hon. Greg Barker, the UK Government’s Minister for Energy and Climate Change in 2014, signed a final agreement along with a detailed Plan of Action.

To achieve the MoU’s Vision, DfID procured specialised agencies, comprising Indian and International firms, to prepare policies and guidelines towards an ecologically sustainable future for the city.

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Project Details

A multi-disciplinary programme of works comprising adaptive as well as mitigating strategies for climate resilience was devised, with the work to be undertaken by different international and national consultants as shown in the following graphic:

UK KMC Programme on Low Carbon Climate Resilient Kolkata
Roadmap for low carbon and climate resilient development of Kolkata
Strategies to strengthen institutional capacity of KMC to implement the Roadmap and improve overall governance in response to the challenges and opportunities of climate change
Sensitisation programme for all key stakeholders including elected representatives on green growth of the city



ICLEI South Asia
Sensitisation Programme for all Elected Representatives and Senior KMC Officials
IPE Global Pvt. Ltd
  • Knowledge Exchange Programme involving exposure visits to other Indian cities for KMC Officials and Elected Representatives
  • Setting up of the Kolkata Climate Change Cell within KMC – including a dedicated website and mobile application for taking forward programme objectives
Ashden India Renewable Energy Collective
  • Policy Guidelines for Grid-connected Rooftop Solar (RTS) Panels
  • Energy Audit of parks
  • DPRs for 16 carbon neutral park projects
Meghraj Capital Advisors Pvt Ltd
Options study for suitable metering arrangement for implementing rooftop solar policy
Ernst & Young

Energy Efficiency Policies and an Action Plan for KMC including:

  • Green procurement policy
  • Street lighting Master Plan
  • Scheme for rainwater harvesting
  • Climate-smart water supply and wastewater management strategy

Climate-smart Solid Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan including:

  • Upgradation of city sanitation plan of KMC
  • Technology solutions for decentralised solutions, waste to energy, C&D waste, e-waste and waste transport route optimisation
  • Models for plastic waste management
Price Waterhouse Coopers India Pvt.Ltd
  • Climate friendly interventions, policies, capacity building and sustainable governance for the city
  • Policy and Guidelines for the Promotion of Climate-smart Built Environment in Kolkata
  • Strategy and Guidelines for Climate-smart City Mobility in Kolkata
  • Strategy and Action Plan for Strengthening KMC’s role to Address Climate-induced Public Health Hazards
  • Climate-induced Multi-disaster Management Plan for the KMC
  • City Business Plan for the Promotion of a Green Economy
  • Business Model for a Help Desk to Promote Low Carbon and Energy Efficiency Measures
  • Climate-friendly Ward Action Plans
  • Recommendations for Climate-smart Land Use Control and Development
  • Citizen Interface Plan
  • City Investment Plan
  • Coordination and preparation of the Programme’s final Road Map.


  • A Municipality-led approach
  • Principles of inclusivity, coordination and integration
  • Both top-down and bottom-up approaches for better synchronisation
  • Multi-disciplinary and highly-consultative
  • Strong engagement with other State Government Departments through sectoral steering committees at State level
    • for ensuring synergy at policy level
    • for ensuring convergence at implementation level
  • Takes into account local implementation context for sustainable urban centres - the latest trend in urban development
  • Aims to stimulate local economic development through commercial activities, alternative livelihood options, research and innovation, skill and enterprise development
  • Focus on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP)
  • Replicability and sustainability
  • Emphasis on knowledge exchange and technology transfer

In this context, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia (ICLEI South Asia), in collaboration with the Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI), conducted a sensitisation programme for councillors and Members of the Mayor-in-Council from within KMC, which focused on the low carbon and climate resilient development of Kolkata. This involved a series of sixteen borough-level training workshops targeting the local Councillors and ULB officials.

Knowledge Exchange Programme was also conceived to be a strategy to capacitate Elected Representatives and senior officials of KMC on the issue. The programme was planned in view of the fact that in certain Indian cities, city authorities and communities have demonstrated successful interventions for making the cities climate smart. These involved institutionalizing and implementing climate responsive and climate responsible actions, targeting both mitigation and adaptation. This enriched KMC’s institutional capacity to respond to the opportunities and imp acts of climate change. Five Elected Representatives and thirteen senior officers of Kolkata Municipal Corporation visited four Indian cities and interacted with key personnel on major climate-smart interventions of those respective cities. IPE Global facilitated the visits, wherein the team visited Bengaluru, Mysore, Coimbatore and Bhubaneswar in November 2015. The learning from these visits was shared with other senior officials of KMC in a dissemination workshop.